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Thomas Cronin


Biological Sciences
Biological Sciences Bldg, Room 472
Other, Yale University (1982)
Ph D, Duke University (1979)
MS, Duke University (1969)
BS, Dickinson College (1967)
CV View CV

Born in Maryland, educated at Dickinson, Duke, and Yale; study visual ecology of a diverse selection of animals.

Research Interests

Visual ecology: the evolution, adaptation, and specialization of visual systems of animals ranging from the simplest marine invertebrates to complex animals like mantis shrimps, cuttlefish, whooping cranes, and right whales

Teaching Interests

Physiology, vision science, marine science, neuroscience

Selected Classes
Spring 2019 BIOL 451 – Vision Science
BIOL 899 – Doctoral Dissertatn Rsch
Fall 2018 BIOL 451/651 – Neurobiology
Spring 2018 BIOL 457/657 – Physiology of Marine and Estuarine Animals
Fall 2014 BIOL 451 – Neurobiology
Spring 2014 BIOL 457 – Phys:Marine/Est Animals
BIOL 899 – Doctoral Dissertatn Rsch
Fall 2012 BIOL 700 – Intro To Grad Experience
Contracts, Fellowships, Grants, and Sponsored Research

Cronin, Thomas W. (Co-Principal) Gruev, Viktor (Principal) Polarization and multispectral vision in mantis shrimp: A model for information processing and biomimetic imaging Grant (Funded) Sponsored by Air Force Office of Scientific Research (Jul 1, 2018 – Jun 30, 2022)

Cronin, Thomas W. Re-engineering the stomatopod eye, nature's most compreh Grant (Funded) Sponsored by Air Force Office of Scientific Research (Jun 15, 2012 – Jun 14, 2016)

Cronin, Thomas W. Consortium for Nanomaterials for Aerospace Commerce and Grant (Funded) Sponsored by Rice University (Sep 1, 2010 – Aug 31, 2015)

Intellectual Contributions

Proceedings of the National Academy of the USA

Sea snake sight - one plus one makes three vol. (in press) Current Biology

Vision Research

Current Biology

Optic lobe organization in stomatopod crustacean species possessing different degrees of retinal complexity vol. 206 247-258 Journal of Comparative Physiology A

Vision in the snapping shrimp Alpheus heterochaelis. vol. 222 jeb209015 Journal of Experimental Biology

Polarisation signals: a new currency for communication 3 vol. 222 JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY

vol. 222 134213 Baltimore Journal of Experimental Biology

Long-wavelength reflecting filters found in the larval retinas of one mantis shrimp family (Nannosquillidae). vol. 29 3101-3108 Current Biology

Two visual systems in one eyestalk: The unusual optic lobe metamorphosis in the stomatopod Alima pacifica 1 vol. 78 3-14 DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROBIOLOGY

A different view: sensory drive in the polarized-light realm 4 vol. 64 513-523 CURRENT ZOOLOGY

Behavioural evidence for polychromatic ultraviolet sensitivity in mantis shrimp 1884 vol. 285 PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Cerebral photoreception in mantis shrimp vol. 8 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS

Cerebral photoreception in mantis shrimp. vol. 8 9689 Scientific Reports

Multichannel spectrometers in animals 2 vol. 13 BIOINSPIRATION & BIOMIMETICS

Scanning eye movements of the Caribbean stomatopod crustacean (Neogonodactylus oerstedii) in polarized light fields. vol. 51 263-273 Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology

Scanning eye movements of the stomatopod crustacean, Neogonodactylus oerstedii, in polarized light fields 4 vol. 51 263-273 MARINE AND FRESHWATER BEHAVIOUR AND PHYSIOLOGY

vol. 58 386-397 Integrative and Comparative Biology

vol. 58 386-397 Integrative and Comparative Biology

Opsin expression in the central nervous system of the mantis shrimp Neogonodactylus oerstedii 1 vol. 233 58-69 BIOLOGICAL BULLETIN

Crustacean larvae – vision in the plankton. Integrative and Comparative Biology

Visual predation during springtime foraging of the North Atlantic Right Whale (Eubalaena glacialis). Marine Mammal Journal

Coping with copepods: do right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) forage visually in dark waters? vol. 2017 20160067 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society

Colour vision in marine organisms vol. 34 86-94 Current Opinion in Neurobiology

Diversity, ecology, and evolution of ultraviolet filters in stomatopod crustaceans. vol. 218 2055-2066 Journal of Experimental Biology

Seeing double: visual physiology of double-retina eye ontogeny in stomatopod crustaceans vol. 201 331-339 Journal of Comparative Physiology A

Spectral filtering enables trichromatic vision in colorful jumping spiders 25 R1-R3 Current Biology

Visual phototransduction components in cephalopod chromatophores suggest dermal photoreception vol. 218 1596-1602 Journal of Experimental Biology

Characterization of visual pigments, oil droplets, lens and cornea in the whooping crane Grus americana. Pt 21 vol. 217 3883-90 The Journal of experimental biology

vol. 369 2 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B

Visual Ecology 458 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press

Using phylogenetically-informed annotation (PIA) to search for light-interacting genes in transcriptomes from non-model organisms vol. 15 350 BMC Bioinformatics

Spectral tuning by opsin coexpression in retinal regions that view different parts of the visual field. vol. 281 20141980 Proceedings of the Royal Society B

vol. 369 8 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B

Sensory ecology of vision in crustaceans Biology of Crustacea, Vol. 3 235-262 New York Academic Press

vol. 217 3425-3431 Journal of Experimental Biology

Hiding opaque eyes in transparent organisms. In situ spectral and image contrast analysis of eyeshine in stomatopod larvae. 3263-3273. vol. 217 3263-3273 Journal of Experimental Biology

vol. 369 8 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B

Bio-inspired polarization imaging sensors: from circuits and optics to signal processing algorithms and biomedical applications. vol. 102 1450-1469 Proceedings of IEEE

Biological sunscreens tune polychromatic ultraviolet vision in mantis shrimp. vol. 24 1636-1642 Current Biology

The evolution of complexity in visual systems of stomatopods: insights from transcriptomics. vol. 53 39-49 Integrative and Comparative Biology

Subclass Hoplocarida Calman, 1904: Order Stomatopoda Latreille, 1817. Treatise on Zoology – Anatomy, Taxonomy, Biology. The Crustacea. Vol. 4, Part A. (J. C. von Vaupel Klein, M. Charmantier-Daures, and F. R. Schram. Eds.). Part A vol. 4 179-355 Leiden Brill Press

A novel function for a carotenoid: astaxanthin used as a polarizer for visual signalling in a mantis shrimp vol. 215 584-589 Journal of Experimental Biology

Visual optics: Accommodation in a splash vol. 22 R871-R873 Current Biology

The molecular genetics and evolution of colour and polarization vision in stomatopod crustaceans , Ophthal.Physiol.Opt vol. 30 460-469

Path integration error and flexible search behaviors in a mantis shrimp. Journal of Experimental Biology


Landmark navigation in the mantis shrimp, Neogonodactylus oerstedii Scientific Reports (in review)

Visual metamorphoses in insects and malacostracans: transitions between an aquatic and terrestrial life Arthropod Structure and Development (in review)


(Author & Presenter) UMBC Friends of the Library Lecture Oral Presentation Visual Ecology UMBC Friends of the Library UMBC Library

(Author & Presenter) North Atlantic Right Whale Consortium Annual Meeting Oral Presentation Coping with copepods: do right whales forage visually in dark water? North Atlantic Right Whale Consortium New Bedford, Massachusetts